My initial research into Samuel Katz, a son of my 3x-great-aunt Rahel Katzenstein, left me with several unanswered questions. Samuel and his wife Lorena and their son Jay had relocated from Kentucky to Omaha, Nebraska, in the 1880s.
One mystery involved Samuel’s occupation. Omaha directories listed more than one Samuel Katz for most of the years between 1885 and 1900, one of whom was a tailor living on 12th Street for some of the years while the other was first a grocer, then a clothing manufacturer, then a real estate agent, and then again a clothing manufacturer. Then in the 1890s, Samuel Katz living at 2111 Douglas Street appeared to be in both the clothing business and the grading contracting business.
How had that evolved? I turned to my favorite research tool—old newspapers. Fortunately, newspapers.com has issues of the Omaha Bee from 1872 to 1916, and genealogybank.com has issues of the Omaha Daily Herald and the Omaha World-Herald ranging from 1878 through 1983 as well as as well as other Nebraska newspapers. I searched for “Katz” and was thrilled to find many relevant results from the search. Through those articles, I learned a great deal about my cousin Samuel Katz, the man, his family, and his businesses.
The earliest items I found that related to Samuel were many ads like this one for his grocery business:
I knew that had to be my Samuel Katz because the address matched what the 1885 Omaha directory listed as his business address:In November, 1885, Katz was a victim of a burglary at the home he shared with his father-in-law and family on Farnam Street:
I will transcribe just the beginning of the article:
A short, dark-complexioned, black-haired and black-eyed young fellow named Alfred S. Hill was for some time employed by S. Katz as a driver of the delivery wagon. He was discharged recently, and on last Sunday night someone well acquainted with the premises entered the house where Mr Katz lives and stole a quantity of clothing, some money and two watches. Hill was arrested Tuesday evening on suspicion and locked up. He said he was not connected with the theft, but know who did the work.
“Will Tell for Money,” Omaha World-Herald, November 12, 1885, p. 4
[Hill identified another man, who was arrested. The story does not reveal what ultimately happened, and I did not find any follow-up. I was quite disturbed by the article’s physical description of Mr. Hill—why was that relevant?]
The fact that Mr. Hill drove a delivery truck for Samuel Katz seems consistent with the fact that Samuel was then in the grocery business.
But by July, 1886, Samuel was engaged in the grading business:
From thereon forward, there are numerous articles mentioning contracts he was awarded for doing road grading in the name of Katz & Callahan.
And beginning as early as 1887, there were also numerous ads like this one:
I knew this was also my Samuel Katz because it matched the Farnam Street address from the 1887 directory:And not only was Samuel grading streets and lending money—he was selling real estate in 1887:
So as early as that Samuel had diversified and was in three different lines of work: money lending, real estate, and grading. In addition, he was teaching in the Hebrew school:
When did he sleep? Money lender, real estate sales, grading contractor, and Hebrew school teacher!
Then in 1889, Samuel was in the clothing business, working for Polack Clothing Company:That endeavor ended fairly soon, however, as the store was destroyed by a fire in May, 1889:
“Big Insurance Suit,” Daily Nebraska State Journal, September 17, 1889, p. 5:
“The store of the Polack Clothing company was destroyed by fire on May 31, 1889….”
Samuel then went into the clothing manufacturing business for some time with new partners, Charles Nevens and Lawrence Enewold, in September, 1889:
This news item describes their business, known as Katz-Nevens, as manufacturing “common and medium grades of clothing.”
But Samuel nevertheless also remained engaged in the grading business:
On top of that he was president of Temple Israel, his synagogue:
Once again I ask: When did he sleep?
I won’t bother to catalog all the articles from the 1890s describing Samuel’s activities both in the grading business and the clothing business as well as his synagogue activities, but suffice it to say that he continued to be active in all three endeavors throughout the decade. I did, however, find this article in which Samuel endorsed the re-election of the mayor of Omaha in 1893 very revealing:
I was impressed that Samuel could see beyond his own business interests and recognize that the mayor was acting in the best interests of the city even when turning down Samuel’s bids for grading contracts. That’s a sign of real integrity. (Or a cynic might say, a way of ingratiating himself in hopes of getting future contracts.)
And just to verify that this Samuel Katz was in fact the one who had moved from Kentucky, there is this news item:
Notice that Samuel was also a delegate to the I.O.B.B, the International Order of B’nai Brith. Another item to add to his already overloaded resume.
By the end of the decade, however, two things changed in Samuel’s life. First, Katz-Nevens, the clothing manufacturing business, was dissolved:
Then, Samuel retired as president of his congregation:
Thus, by 1900, when he responded to the enumerator’s question about his occupation, he was in fact only in the grading business.
But that would not stay the same for long. By 1905, Samuel was the treasurer of a new venture, Raapke & Katz Company, where his son Jay was also employed. What was Raapke & Katz? A grocery business—Samuel had come full circle:
One news item that has me quite intrigued is this small mention in April, 1905:
Who was the niece whose wedding Samuel attended back in Germany? I am now researching that question.
In 1906, although Jay is listed as a salesman for Raapke & Katz, Samuel only listed his grading business—Callahan Brothers & Katz— in the directory:And in 1909, he and Jay were both listed with yet another new business: Katz, Craig Contracting Company. Samuel was the president and Jay the secretary. And somehow Samuel found himself re-elected as synagogue president in 1910.
On the 1910 census, Samuel and Jay are both described as in the stone contracting business, so that must have been the business of Katz, Craig Contracting:
But notice something strange about this census? It lists a second son of Samuel and Lorena: a 23 year old single man born in Kentucky named Sidney. You can imagine how that threw me for a loop when I first saw it. Where did HE come from?
Just another enumerator mistake, I concluded. Remember Samuel’s brother Abraham back in Kentucky with the ten children born in nineteen years? One of them was named Sidney and was the right age as the Sidney living with Samuel Katz in 1910. I believe that the Sidney listed on the 1910 census in Samuel’s household was his nephew, not his son.
In fact, the next year another of Abraham’s children came to live with Samuel Katz; Florence Katz came to study voice in Omaha. Lorena Rothschild Katz was herself a musician as was her sister Minnie, and so it probably seemed a good place for Florence to pursue her musical interests.
And remember Bertha Katz who was working as a stenographer for Katz-Nevens in 1899? Well, she also was likely the daughter of Samuel’s brother Abraham. Obviously, despite the long distance between the two brothers, they stayed in touch throughout the years. Samuel’s trip back to Germany in 1905 indicates that there also was a continuing connection to his family back in Jesberg.
Samuel Katz impressed me as quite a man: a man who was successful in several different businesses, a man who was committed to his faith and his people, and a man who was devoted to his family.
Sadly, his life was cut suddenly short on March 27, 1912, when he was only 59 years old.
Here is the text of his obituary. (How many errors can you find?)
Samuel Katz, aged 51 years and for thirty years a resident of Omaha, died shortly after 9 o’clock last night at his home, 3707 Jones street, of heart failure. Mr. Katz had not been well for a week or more, but last night was thought better. His death came suddenly and without the slightest warning, while he was preparing for a bath.
He is survived by his widow and one son, Jay B. Katz, of this city.
Samuel Katz was born in March 23, 1861, in Essen-Cassle [sic], Germany. At an early age he came to this country and located in Harroldsburg, K. After a short period in that place he moved to Omaha and became interested in the manufacturing of overalls and bought a controlling interest in the Katz-Nevins Manufacturing company. The latter was connected with the Raapke wholesale company at Fourteenth and Harney streets. About ten years ago he took up construction work and organized the Katz-Craig Construction company, he being at the head of this firm at the time of his death. Mr. Katz was regarded as one of the most able and exacting men in his line of work. Railroad and government construction work was his specialty and many of the finest buildings in this section of the country were built under his careful eye.
Samuel Katz was prominent in religious and charitable work, he being president of the Temple Israel at his death and also an officer in the local Jewish Associated Charities and the Independent order of B’Nai B’rith. He was a Mason.
The funeral of Mr. Katz will be held at 2 o’clock Friday afternoon at the residence on Jones street.
There was also a memorial service for Samuel Katz in May, 1912.
Perhaps all that energy devoted to family, faith, and work was just too much for Samuel.
More on his family in the next post.
 I ruled out the tailor since he had a son named Samuel, so I’ve assumed that my Samuel was in the clothing and real estate businesses.