As we saw in my last post, sometime around 1910, Abraham and Amelia moved with their ten children from Kentucky to Sapulpa, Oklahoma, where Abraham had been encouraged to move by his nephew Jake Katz to expand the Katz dry goods business. Between 1910 and 1920, four of Abraham and Amelia’s children married and left home and several others went to college or served in the military during those years.
Here is a photograph of Abraham and Amelia and their children taken about ten years after the one I posted in my last post. Using Milton, the youngest child, as my clue, I think he looks about thirteen in this photograph, meaning it was taken around 1914. I know it was taken before 1919, for reasons revealed below.
Henry Katz, Abraham and Amelia’s grandson, identified the family members in this photograph. They are, in the front row from left to right, Henrietta, Amelia, Abraham, Milton, and Bertha. In the back row from left to right are Ben, Florence, Lester, Blanche, Sidney, Rachel, and Sigmund.
Rachel, the first-born of the ten children, married Morris Kohlmann on June 12, 1912 in Louisville. Morris was born in Germany and had immigrated in 1892, according to the 1900 census. In 1900 and 1910, Morris had been living in Louisville with his parents. According to this January 1, 1917 article from the Daily Tribune and Daily Mirror of Fort Scott, Kansas, Rachel and Morris had lived in El Dorado Springs, Missouri:
In 1917 when he registered for the World War I draft, Morris reported that he and Rachel were living in Yale, Oklahoma, a small town about 45 miles west of Sapulpa where he owned a store.On the 1920 census, Rachel and Morris were living in Bristol, Oklahoma, which is about 25 miles southwest of Sapulpa. Morris reported that he was the owner of a department store.
Rachel’s brother Lester Katz married Mayme Salzenstein just two months after Rachel married Morris—on August 12, 1912, in Chicago. Mayme was the daughter of Wolf Salzenstein, a German immigrant, and his wife Caroline, who was born in Illinois. Mayme was also an Illinois native, and her father was a livestock dealer in Athens, Illinois, a small town not far from Springfield, Illinois. Mayme moved with Lester to Sapulpa, where according to his World War I draft registration, he was a self-employed merchant. I was unable to locate Lester and Mayme on the 1920 census, but I know from other records that by 1920, they had two daughters, Mildred and Bertha Barbara.When Abraham and Amelia’s second oldest son, Sidney Katz, registered for the World War I draft, he was living in Oilton, Oklahoma, a small town about 34 miles west of Sapulpa. According to his draft registration, Sidney was working for Katz Department Store. He was single at that time, but on September 1, 1918, he married Eulalia V Woolsey, who was born in Missouri but had been living with her family in Fort Scott, Kansas, in 1910. Her father owned a music store there. Apparently the family had some continuing connection to Fort Scott, Kansas, because I found this article about Bertha Katz, the seventh of Abraham and Amelia’s children, in the Fort Scott newspaper, reporting on her marriage to Ben Levine in Sapulpa in January 1918:
Ben Levine was born in Russia and had lived in Dayton, Ohio, after immigrating with his parents in 1890, but in 1910 he was living in Mountain View, Oklahoma, with his mother and his siblings and working as the manager of a dry goods store. In 1917 he reported on his World War I draft registration that he had his own store in Cordell, Oklahoma.Tragically, Ben’s marriage ended rather soon as Bertha Katz died in December 1918, according to her headstone and the family. She was only 28 years old. According to the family, Bertha went to meet Ben in New York City when he was being discharged from the military. While there, she contracted the flu and died in New York, one of the many millions of victims of the flu epidemic of that time. What a heartbreaking loss that must have been.
Finally, the fifth Katz child who was not living with his family in 1920 was Sigmund, the second youngest son. According to the family, Sigmund attended what was then Oklahoma A & M in Stillwater and majored in Animal Husbandry. One family legend is that he operated on a duck and mistakenly reattached his leg backwards, causing the duck to swim in circles! (This sounds like more of a family joke than true, but nevertheless part of the family lore.)
On his draft registration card dated June 1918, he reported that he was a student and was living with his family in Sapulpa. (Interestingly, his draft registration reports his birthdate as August 5, 1897, but every other record, including his World War II draft registration says he was born a year earlier—August 5, 1896.) Sigmund enlisted in the US Army on October 1, 1918, and was discharged on December 16, 1918. He would have been 22 years old. But where was he in 1920?Although I could not find any Sigmund Katz on the 1920 census, I did find this record of a Sidney Katz, born in Kentucky in 1896, who was living in Louisville and working in the dry goods business. Since I already had a correct 1920 census record for Sigmund’s older brother Sidney, I knew this was not for him. The only thing, aside from the incorrect first name, that is inconsistent with this being Sigmund Katz is that it reports that “Sidney’s” parents were born in Russia. Perhaps his landlady gave the information to the enumerator and assumed his parents were Russian born? What do you think?
As for the rest of the family, in 1920, Abraham was still working as a dry goods merchant in Sapulpa, and he and his wife Amelia still had the other five of their ten children living with them: Blanche (27), Florence (25), Ben (23), Henrietta (21), and Milton (18). Henrietta went to Oklahoma A & M like Sigmund where she’d been a member of the Theta sorority. In 1920, she was working as a school teacher.
Ben served in the US Army during World War I, as shown in this photograph:
In 1920, Ben was working in a shoe store.
Milton, the youngest child, had served as the manager of the high school football team and was known by everyone in Sapulpa. He attended the University of Illinois. He then came home and worked in the family store in Sapulpa.
Thus, as of 1920, Abraham Katz and all his sons and even his sons-in-law were in the dry goods business. Four of his children had married, but sadly one, their daughter Bertha, had died shortly after her marriage. Five of the other children were still living at home, and Sigmund may have been living and working in Louisville, where he was born. But in the next decade, most of those five children would also marry and move out on their own.
To be continued.