Alfred Goldsmith, Book Lover

As seen in my last post, Alfred Goldsmith’s ill-fated 1905 marriage to Beatrice Miller ended in divorce in 1913, and I was unable to find anything about the eight years in between. But what happened to Alfred after 1913?

The first record I have for Alfred after his 1913 divorce was a record of his second marriage on July 24, 1918, to Ray Solomons in Troy, New York.1 Ray was the daughter of Myer Solomons and Caroline Weinberg. Myer was originally from Warsaw, Poland, and Caroline from Austria. They had both immigrated to England, where Ray was born in 1891. The family immigrated to the US in 1910 when Ray was nineteen. On the 1915 New York State census, her father listed his occupation as a dyer; later records show he was in the fur business. Ray was employed as a bookkeeper in 1915. She was living with her family in the Bronx. 2

Solomons family 1915 NYS census, New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1915; Election District: 06; Assembly District: 34; City: New York; County: Bronx; Page: 34 New York, State Census, 1915

So why did Ray and Alfred marry in Troy, New York, a city about 150 miles north of New York City? At first I worried that this was another elopement, and perhaps it was. But happily for Ray and Alfred, this marriage lasted. Ray was 27 when they married, Alfred was forty. They stayed together until Alfred’s death. It does not appear that they ever had children.

Like his half-siblings Milton and Emily, Alfred loved books. He had a life-long interest in literature and in particular authors: Lewis Carroll, Edgar Allen Poe, and especially Walt Whitman. According to his obituary in The New York Times, Alfred “was only twelve when he became captivated by Whitman’s poetry and started to collect rare Whitman editions.” 3 That interest in Whitman stayed with him throughout adulthood.

When Alfred registered for the draft on September 12, 1918, six months after their wedding, he and Ray were living at 2593 Eighth Avenue in New York City, and his occupation was “bookseller” at 42 Lexington Avenue. That would remain his place of business for the rest of his life. Alfred’s bookstore, known as At the Sign of the Sparrow, became very well-known, as we will see.

Alfred Goldsmith, World War I draft registration,
Registration State: New York; Registration County: New York; Roll: 1786673; Draft Board: 140 U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918

In 1920, Alfred and Ray were living at 304 Second Avenue in New York City, and Alfred listed his occupation on the census as “Books” in his own business.4 The 1922 New York directory also has his occupation simply as “books,” and the 1925 New York State census lists his occupation as “bookseller.”5

In 1922, Alfred and Carolyn Wells, the author of over 170 books for adults and children, collaborated on The Concise Bibliography of the Works of Walt Whitman (Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1922), which was “affectionately dedicated to Ray S. Goldsmith.” The book is, as the title indicates, a bibliography of all the books written by Walt Whitman and all the books written about Walt Whitman. It was for many years considered one of the authoritative works of scholarship about Whitman.6

Alfred Goldsmith and Carolyn Wells also collaborated on another project, editing a collection of Whitman’s essays entitled Rivulets of Prose (Greenberg, Publishers, Inc., 1928). That also was dedicated to Alfred’s wife Ray: “With Affection to Ray S. Goldsmith for Her Sympathetic Assistance.” It is evident from the foreword to this collection that Alfred and his co-editor had quite a scholarly approach to Whitman and his work.

In addition, Alfred organized a major exhibit at the New York Public Library about Walt Whitman in 1925. He collected from many private collectors Whitman’s manuscripts and books and other materials and prepared them for the exhibit. According to the November 8, 1925 Brooklyn Daily Eagle (p. 11), interest in “Whitmanania” was so intense that the price of these materials had risen sharply and were mostly in the hands of private collectors; the purpose of the exhibit was thus to give the public a chance to see these materials.

Alfred was very active in book auctions, buying and selling first and other editions of books on his own behalf and for collectors. The Harrisburg Telegraph reported this amusing story about Alfred’s experiences at one book auction:7

It will cost you money if you arrange signals with a bookseller at an auction and then forget those signals. The idea is Alfred F. Goldsmith’s, a bookseller, and it grew out of this incident.

At one of the numerous book auctions (New York has dozens of them each month) a wealthy collector authorized Goldsmith to purchase a certain volume for him. “I’ll pay as much as $125,” he instructed the seller, who was to do the bidding for him.

“But,” explained Goldsmith, “It would be a crime to let the purchase fall through if it could be effected for a few extra dollars.”

“Then,” said the client, “keep bidding until I stop you.  I’ll be there watching the sale.  When you see me remove my glasses, drop out; that will be the signal.”

Thus agreed, both arrived at the auction. But Goldsmith soon found himself several rows removed from his client and unable to keep in oral connection. It didn’t take the book long to climb. In a trice, it was up to $125, the agreed sum. Goldsmith dropped out, for just at that moment his client casually removed his glasses.

The bidding soared. Soon it had reached $325, and Goldsmith, glancing toward his client, saw that gentleman nod and refit his glasses. Just as he launched a bid, however, off came the glasses. Then the client hastily put them on again.  Reassured, Goldsmith then began to bid in earnest, finally winning for $375.

“Congratulations,” called Goldsmith to his client, “you got it.”

“Got what?” asked the client, not comprehending.

“Why, the book,” said Goldsmith.

“Didn’t I tell you,” gasped the fellow—“to stop at $125?” Goldsmith then reminded him of the signal by glasses.

“You know,” he said sheepishly, “I’d forgotten all about that.” Then he wrote out his check for $375 and went out to his limousine, smiling at himself.

A search turned up numerous articles about Alfred’s success at book auctions. For example, in March 1936, Alfred bid successfully for a rare book written by Lewis Carroll, one of his other favorite authors. The Central New Jersey Home News wrote:8

The magic name of Lewis Carroll, author of “Alice in Wonderland,” made book collectors bid frantically for a little known, privately printed book at a sale here. When the hammer banged, its price was announced at $310. The purchaser was Alfred F. Goldsmith, Carroll expert.

According to one inflation calculator, $310 in 1936 would be worth about $5,500 today.

The Reading (Pennsylvania) Times reported on Alfred’s acquisition and sale of a rare book of Edgar Allen Poe’s poetry, Tamerlane and Other Poems, in April 1938; it described the book as “the scarcest and most valuable book of poetry ever published in America.” Poe, as noted above, was another of Alfred’s favorite authors.

Reading PA Times, April 18, 1938, p. 19

These are just two of the many articles I found reporting on Alfred’s purchases of rare books at auctions.

But Alfred was probably best known for his bookstore, At the Sign of the Sparrow, which was a well-known landmark in New York City. In my search to find a photograph of the store, I landed on the website of The Old Book Table, “a social club composed of antiquarian booksellers and those engaged in professions related to antiquarian bookselling.” According to the website, it is the oldest such club in the world, founded in 1931 in New York City.

Alfred was one of the early members of the club, and the history page on the club’s website had both a photograph of Alfred and one of his drawings. The history page was excerpted from a book by Joseph J. Felcone: The Old Book Table. A Record of its First Seventy-Five Years, 1931–2005 (New York: The Old Book Table, 2006).  Through the magic of the Internet I was able to contact Mr. Felcone and, with his help, learn a great deal more about my cousin Alfred. That merits a whole separate post.




  1. Rensselaer County, New York, Marriage Index, 1908-1935,  Volume 2, Number 9954. 
  2. The National Archives; Kew, Surrey, England; Class: HO 334; Piece: 25; UK, Naturalisation Certificates and Declarations, 1870-1916. Passenger manifest, Year: 1910; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 1583; Line: 4; Page Number: 60. New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957. 
  3.  “A.F. Goldsmith, 66, Book Dealer, Dies,” The New York Times, July 30, 1947, p. 17. 
  4. Alfred F. and Ray Goldsmith, 1920 US Census, Census Place: Manhattan Assembly District 12, New York, New York; Roll: T625_1206; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 854. 1920 United States Federal Census 
  5. New York, New York City Directories 1922, 1925, U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995. 
  6. Edward J. Naumburg, Jr., “My Favorite Bookseller,” Princeton University Library Chronicle, Volume 48, No. 2, Winter 1987, p. 185. 
  7. George Tucker, ” ‘Round About New York,” Harrisburg Telegraph, April 9, 1935, p. 8. 
  8. “Poem by Carroll Boosts Price of Book to $310,” Central New Jersey Home News, March 27, 1936, p. 27. 

32 thoughts on “Alfred Goldsmith, Book Lover

  1. Fascinating post on the book lover Alfred Goldsmith! I especially like the story of the auction of a very precious book for one of Alfred’s client, who was gracious enough to pay more than double of the agreed upon price. Walt Whitman has been unknown to me until I read your post. I googled his name and came upon his giant poetry collection. Have great weekend, Amy!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. What an extraordinary man ~ what an interesting career and life adventure for him. I have this great picture forming of him at the ‘social club’ sitting around discussing books. Really enjoyed the post Amy. I have some great memories of rummaging through small dark cramped used book store spaces in the Village area back in the 60’s –

    Liked by 2 people

  3. What cool writers he loved! Whitman seems so advanced, at least to my thinking, back in those days. But how different from Poe and Carroll! Loved hearing about this part of his life, Amy! Alfred was such an important person in the world of books.

    Liked by 2 people

    • They all are so different. I enjoyed all three at different stages of my life—Alice in Wonderland as a child, Poe’s stories as a teen, and Whitman in college. I wonder what drew Alfred to those three. He is fascinating, isn’t he!?

      Liked by 1 person

      • Today Alice’s Adventures is barely child fare, and I met a lot of resistance when I taught it as my classic text when I taught children’s literature. So sad because it has such iconic characters and events! I loved Poe as a teen, too, and then in grad school we thoroughly studied “The Purloined Letter,” and I realized how complex it was. That was eye-opening. And Whitman’s “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking” is my all-time favorite long poem. Maybe Alfred loved the open quality of the mind of those three writers? Alfred was really something!

        Liked by 1 person

      • I don’t know that poem, so now I am going to Google it! And it does seem that Alfred was drawn to writers who were quite original and different from most authors of their era. They all do to some extent deal with the extraordinary.

        Liked by 1 person

      • And why the resistance to Alice? It certainly has layers that are not apparent to children, but it fully works as a child’s tale.


      • I haven’t taught now for 13 years, but even in the later years of my teaching, the children’s lit students felt it was difficult and maybe didn’t relate to their lives enough. (Note: I am only the messenger here).

        Liked by 1 person

      • A failure of the imagination, I’d say. I read the Whitman poem—some lovely images there. But I need to read it again and perhaps have an English professor’s take on what it all means! Poetry has always been a challenge for me. I love the language and the images, but finding the message has always been hard. Maybe I am just looking too hard instead of just enjoying what is there.

        Liked by 1 person

      • When my son was a baby I used to rock him in my grandmother’s old rocking chair, reading him this poem. This poem HAS to be read aloud. It sounds like rocking when you read it. It sounds, in fact, like a sort of lullaby. It’s about a bird and the sea, but it’s also the story of a boy who becomes a poet. The bird is both real and a representation of the poet-voice. One of the reasons it’s such a great poem is that you can read it aloud and feel it instead of having to “figure out what it means.” But if you do happen to figure out what it means to you while you read it over and over again, so much the better.

        Liked by 1 person

      • And re Alice: probably a failure of the imagination, but also the rush to practicality and lack of expertise with written language among the majority of students at that institution.

        Liked by 1 person

  4. Loved this post, Amy. I had a thought while reading it, but of course it’s just a theory. Is it possible that Alfred’s sexuality might have been the issue in his failed first marriage and his childless second one? The intense focus on Walt Whitman could be interpreted to suggest that it might have been, especially since he delved into Whitman’s personal papers in which Whitman likely talked about his own sexuality more frankly than in his more public work. I don’t know, but it does seem like a clue in plain sight.

    Liked by 2 people

    • I don’t think there is any basis for that assumption. I think it was more likely Alfred’s age at his second marriage that perhaps convinced them not to have children or they just didn’t want any. Lots of couples don’t. Or perhaps Ray had fertility issues. Or Alfred did. And I believe the first marriage failed because of Beatrice’s parents. I just am reluctant to make assumptions about anyone’s sexuality based on an interest in poetry or Walt Whitman or anything for that matter!

      Liked by 1 person

      • Yeah, totally valid. I too think the parents were the deciding factor in the breakup of the first marriage, based on what you wrote. And, I know plenty of straight people who are into Walt Whitman. It was just a “hmmm, I wonder if we’re missing a clue” moment. Alfred was such an interesting man, and I’m enjoying reading about him.

        Liked by 1 person

  5. Hello, I recently came across your blog and have read your interesting posts about the Fusgeyers from Romania. I have also read Jill Culiner’s book, and found it as glass-half-empty as you have described. My paternal grandfather was born in Valea Seaca in 1891, and left Romania sometime around 1910 or a bit later (unsure of the date). His father pre-deceased his birth in 1890, and was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Iasi. My blog (such as it is) can be found at I am active in searching my Romanian roots, but have had little work with – except for some papers that my GF Haim Heller left behind. The biggest help has been Jewish genealogy Facebook groups, and researching my DNA results, through which some Heller cousins have been located. Thanks for the interesting blog.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Hi Deb–thanks so much for reading and for your comment. I am going to go check out your blog. Also, if you are looking for someone in Iasi to do research, I have someone who helped me. Let me know.


  6. Pingback: At the Sign of the Sparrow: The Legacy of Alfred Goldsmith | Brotmanblog: A Family Journey

  7. Pingback: The Things You Can’t Learn from Genealogy Records Alone: Milton Goldsmith’s Family Album, Part XVIII | Brotmanblog: A Family Journey

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